Some children with ASD develop language after age 5.Acquiring useful language before age 5 has been identified as a strong predictor of positive outcomes in people with ASD. This study examined the relationship between age of language acquisition and subsequent functioning in children with ASD (n% 3D). 11. The relationship between the acquisition of the first word at different ages was investigated to determine its relationship with cognitive ability and adaptive behaviors at 52 months. The results indicated that, while pronouncing the first words predicted better results at all ages examined, pronouncing the first words at 24 months was a particularly strong indicator of better results.
This finding suggests that the historical criterion for having a positive prognosis (that is, a general interval for when most children utter their first word) is between 10 and 14 months. Studies on the relationship between standardized language scores and late performance in autism spectrum disorders have clearly established an association between early language skills and later skills (Gillespie-Lynch et al. If you think your child's speech development is delayed, it's important to share your concerns with your child's pediatrician to discuss and evaluate your child's language development. They are not a substitute for speech therapy or other interventions designed exclusively to meet your child's needs.
In addition to speech delay, there are other factors that may indicate that a child should be evaluated for a developmental disorder. Finally, the typical literature on language acquisition has examined the importance of early linguistic milestones for subsequent acquisition and long-term cognitive outcomes. For example, studies suggest that vocabulary size at 25 months is an important predictor of cognitive outcomes at 8 years (Marchman and Fernald 200) and researchers have suggested a lexical “threshold” in language development, in which vocabulary of a certain size is needed to serve as a basis to support other aspects of language, especially syntactic development (Devescovi et al. However, most children do not receive a comprehensive assessment of language skills through standardized formal assessments at an early age, limiting the widespread use of standardized measures as a source of prognostic information.
The results indicated that the age of acquisition of the first word (production of the first word) and of subsequent functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders was associated with greater cognitive capacity and greater capacity for adaptation when evaluated later in childhood. Not being able to speak to communicate should not be considered a setback, but rather a challenge that can be overcome. While a child may develop at a normal rate, their developmental progress may be delayed after age 2 or 3. As for fluent speech, children who achieved fluency were older and had higher non-verbal IQs, lower levels of social disability and more anxiety symptoms, according to the study.
First, this partnership provides parents and professionals with a simple and widely accessible method for predicting the future functioning of young children with autism spectrum disorders. The delay in the onset of spoken language is often the most pressing concern of parents of children with ASD (De Giacomo and Fombonne, 1998; Howlin and Asgharian, 1999; Short and Schopler, 198), indicating that this aspect of early language development is very important. While all analyses of the CARS scores revealed a positive relationship between the age of the first words and the total CARS score, so that children who spoke later scored higher (more serious) in the CARS, there was no such association between the age of the first words and the ADOS severity score or the number of symptoms approved by the DSM-IV. In the largest study on the subject to date, his research team found that most young children with ASD and severe language delay developed phraseological or fluid speech by age 8, and nearly half were fluent in this.